c) The brand new eastern Jewish dialects express multiple provides: best worry (1), changes sugardaddyforme ekÅŸi out-of [Theta] to just one (4), reinterpretation away from verb category due to the fact shape (5), and reflexive pronouns predicated on nos- (17). Speaking of areal possess and this span the basic separate ranging from Halabja towards one hand and you will Koy Sanjaq and Azerbaijan toward most other. That isn’t obvious where dialect all of them develop, but they are most likely borrowed from 1 towards the others and never handed down in keeping.
Such three big groups out of isoglosses depict simply a small region of your research in fact it is taken to sustain to your taxonomy of your NENA dialects. Hoberman (1988, 573), using proof regarding pronouns, shows the presence of a northern Iraqi dialect group (here illustrated by Zakho, Tisqopa, and you may Aradhin) which cannot be observed using the minimal investigation demonstrated right here. What is needed now could be both thicker meanings of dialects already reported, with the intention that more prevalent and you can identifying qualities is available, and now have field work so you’re able to number the many dialects which happen to be to your verge out-of extinction.
step 1 Thank you so much are caused by those who discussed data and you will guidance, instance Gene Gragg, Robert Hoberman, and you will Jo Rubba. E.H. summer stipend.
For example, f and you will g have been hired during the conditions like etrog ‘citron’ and you may sefer ‘scroll of the law’, where on passed on Aramaic vocabulary f will have getting p and you may grams would have vanished
3 Garbell (1964, 100-103) says the audio system out of Jewish Azerbaiaic off Kurdish. The lady top evidence because of it ‘s the pronunciation out-of Hebrew mortgage-terms and conditions inside dialect. Hebrew loanwords inside the Jewish Azerbaijani maintain specific songs that happen to be erased or merged with people about popular Neo-Aramaic language. Garbell claims why these retentions show these particular Hebrew words was basically borrowed to start with when you look at the Kurdish, and that several Kurdish sound system later on shifted to help you Neo-Aramaic. It appears likely to be that the Hebrew points about dialect did not participate in the latest sound changes in matter due to the new unique spiritual register to which it fall-in. They could have changed following been recovered for the base of your own old-fashioned pronunciation out of surrounding groups.
cuatro An increasing + reveals that the next phrase is noticable into suprasegmental feature ’emphasis’ which is receive somewhat in all NENA languages. Phonetically, emphasis is actually advanced, however, its top parts was velarization, and is usually caused by the existence of the emphatic consonants t and you will s.
7 From the dialect off Tyari [Theta] tend to gets s. So it dialect, which had been verbal in advance of 1915 from inside the a district from Hakkari, isn’t chatted about here because material involved is actually decreased.
8 It is not clear whether or not this type is available in the the newest Halabja dialect. My informants after that knew they, but told you it had been far more trait of your neighboring city of Suleimaniya. Whatever the case, it’s unfamiliar regarding the dialect of one’s Jews of Sanandaj.
nine Robert Hoberman suggests in my opinion that NENA models will get actually have came from an unattested metathesized elizabeth[Theta]peel ezdi.
Boyarin, Daniel. 1981. Inside Bono Homini Donum: Essays into the Historical Linguistics within the Recollections off J. Alexander Kerns, ed. Yoel L. Arbeitman and you may Allan Roentgen. Bomhard. Amsterdam Studies about Idea and History of Linguistic Research, series IV. Current Points into the Linguistic Principle sixteen. Area II, 613-44. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
An inquiry to your Development of the Center Aramaic Dialects
Garbell, Irene. 1964. Apartment Conditions and you may Syllables inside Jewish Eastern Brand new Aramaic away from Persian Azerbaijan and Continguous Districts (An issue of Multilingualism). Inside the Knowledge during the Egyptology and you will Linguistics in honor of H. J. Polotsky, ed. H. B. Rosen, 86-103. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society.